The Effects of Native American Relocation

In this article, I estimate the historical fertility and migration effects of the US Relocation Program. Between 1952 and 1973, the US federal government attempted to move Native Americans off reservations to urban areas under the promise of financial assistance and job training. Using the variation in which the program focused on cities, I employed a difference-in-differences strategy and estimated that the Relocation Program significantly increased the Native American population in the targeted cities. I also find evidence that second-generation Native American women living in cities have a substantially lower fertility rate than Native American women living on tribal land. Taken together, these findings indicate that this federal program substantially changed the spatial distribution of the Native American population in the US throughout the 20th century.

That’s from a recent paper by Mary Kopriva at the University of Anchorage. Are we allowed to consider whether those shows might have been good? In other contexts, don’t we call this “Move to Opportunity”?

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